Welsh Springer Spaniel Dog


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breed information Guide

The Welsh Springer Spaniel, with its captivating red and white coat, often adorned with charming freckles, has steadily garnered admiration among dog aficionados. According to the Kennel Club, 238 Welsh Springer Spaniels were registered in the UK in 2022. Meanwhile, the AKC, a leading authority on breed standards, places the Welsh Springer Spaniel at 126th out of 200 breeds. This recognition is a testament to the breed’s enduring appeal, which dates back to 1902 by The Kennel Club UK 1902 and AKC recognised this breed in 1914.

If you’re considering bringing one of these affectionate dogs into your home or are simply curious about the breed, our comprehensive guide will provide you with all the insights you need. From their rich history to their unique temperament, we’ve got you covered. So, let’s dive in and get to know the Welsh Springer Spaniel a bit better!

Quick Facts:

  • Size: The Welsh Springer Spaniel is a medium-sized dog.
  • Weight: 18-25 kg (male, approx. 40-55 pounds), 16-23 kg (female, approx. 35-50 pounds).
  • Height: 46-48 cm (male, approx. 18-19 inches), 43-46 cm (female, approx. 17-18 inches).
  • Lifespan: 12-15 years or even 17 years recorded.
  • Types: The Welsh Springer Spaniel is known for its hunting prowess, particularly for its ability to “spring” on game from its hiding place.
  • Families: They are loyal and devoted, making them great family pets.
  • Allergies: Like many breeds, the Welsh Springer Spaniel sheds, so they may not be suitable for those with severe allergies.
  • Appearance: Distinctive red and white coat, often sprinkled with freckles.
  • Temperament: Loyal, devoted, and sometimes reserved around strangers. They are known to be alert and watchful.
  • Other pets: Generally gets along with other pets, but early socialisation is recommended. 
  • Barking: The Welsh Springer Spaniel can be vocal, especially when alerting their family to the presence of strangers.
  • Training: They are intelligent and can be trained for various activities including hunting, retrieving, and tracking.
  • Exercise required: Regular exercise at least 2 hours per day is essential to keep them healthy and happy.
  • Owner requirement: They need consistent training and socialisation. Regular grooming is also essential.
  • Grooming: Weekly brushing with a stiff bristle brush is recommended. Their floppy ears may be prone to ear infections, so regular cleaning is essential.
  • Health: Generally healthy, but like all breeds, they can be susceptible to certain health conditions.
  • Nutrition: A balanced diet is crucial for their health and well-being.
  • Accommodation: They are adaptable to various living conditions but thrive best in homes with a garden.
  • Cost: The cost can vary, but consider paying anywhere between £350 to £2000.
  • Kennel Club Group: Gundog

Breed History & Traits:

The Welsh Springer Spaniel – renowned for its unwavering loyalty & devotion – has been a part of our history for centuries being the oldest spaniel breed. Digging deep, you’ll find its roots in the rugged terrains of Wales. Here, these dogs were the pride of hunters, especially when it came to flushing & retrieving birds. As years rolled on, they didn’t just earn their stripes in the field. Many families began to treasure them as affectionate companions, welcoming them into their homes.

So, what makes the Welsh Springer Spaniel apart from other Spaniels? Let’s delve into some key historical events and distinctive traits related to the breed:

  • Origin in Wales: The breed’s roots lie deep in the heart of Wales. They were initially used as hunting dogs, particularly for bird flushing and retrieval
  • Distinctive Appearance: Ever seen a Welsh Springer Spaniel? You’d surely recognize one from its unique red & white coat, which, by the way, is often peppered with freckles. Running your fingers across its fur, you’d feel that silky smoothness, and it lays perfectly straight.
  • Comparison with English Springer Spaniel: If you’ve had a chance to see both, you will notice the Welsh Springer is a little smaller than its English cousin. And while drooping ears are a signature for both, those of the Welsh Springer? They’re just a smidge smaller, and yeah, their body’s a bit more stretched out.
  • Temperament: The breed is known for its calm temperament, despite being energetic. They can be reserved around strangers but are incredibly loyal and devoted to their families.

Temperament and Personality:

Welsh Springer Spaniel is a breed that embodies energy, zest, and warmth. These dogs carry a reputation for their diligent nature, which makes them stand out as companions for families that are always on the go. 

Delve into the top 5 personality traits of the Welsh Springer Spaniel:

  • People-Oriented: They’re super people-centric & they stick like glue – often referred to as “velcro dogs”. Their welcoming nature often sees strangers not as threats but as potential friends. If you’ve been around one, you’d know that their charm is hard to resist.
  • Energetic & Playful: Every day’s an adventure with Welsh Springer Spaniels. Fetch, a breezy walk, or maybe a dip in the pond – they’re up for it. If you’re someone who loves the outdoors, their vivacity is a match made in heaven.
  • Intelligent & Trainable: This breed is known for its sharp intellect. They respond well to positive reinforcement and their eagerness to please; training them feels less like a task & more like a bonding session. When you spend time training them, you’d be surprised at how fast they pick things up.
  • Affectionate: You could be having the roughest day, but a cuddle from a Welsh Springer Spaniel changes the game. Their affection knows no bounds, and they always seek those special moments with their families.
  • Loyal & Devoted: Their loyalty? It’s something else. Once a bond’s forged with you, they’re all in for the long haul. And their protective streak makes them stand out as guardians, always looking out for their pack or family. 

Appearance and Colours:

Welsh Springer Spaniel – a breed that is not only pleasing to the eyes but also carries an air of sophistication with its silky coat, which gracefully drapes down its legs and chest. It’s straight, with a touch of feathering that just adds to the elegance. But what really stands out? That coat colour. Imagine a deep red, beautifully contrasted with white markings – it’s a sight.

Now, if you’ve ever been to a dog park and spotted a Springer, you might’ve noticed another breed looking somewhat similar but with subtle differences. Let’s put those differences in a table comparing the Welsh Springer Spaniel to the English Springer Spaniel:

Let’s put those differences in a table comparing the Welsh Springer Spaniel to the English Springer Spaniel:

FeatureWelsh Springer SpanielEnglish Springer Spaniel
SizeMediumMedium to Large
Height (Males)46-48 cm (18 to 19 inches)51cm (20 inches)
Height (Females)43-46 cm (17 to 18 inches)48cm (19 inches)
Weight (Males)18-25 kg (40 to 55 pounds)23kg (50 pounds)
Weight (Females)16-23 kg (35 to 50 pounds)18kg (40 pounds)
Coat TextureSoft, straight, with featheringSimilar but can be wavier
Coat ColourRed with white markingsBlack & white, liver & white or either of these colours with tan markings.
Life Span12 to 15 years12 to 14 years
TemperamentHappy, energetic, trainableEnergetic, friendly, outgoing

While both these breeds have the same history & share a good number of personality traits, the Welsh Springer Spaniel is just a little smaller & sports only the red-and-white combo. Their distinctive appearance, along with their cheerful character? It makes them a choice pick for dog lovers. Remember the last time you saw one? That mesmerising red coat must have left an impression.


Training a Welsh Springer Spaniel can be a delightful experience, given their intelligence and eagerness to please. However, like all breeds, they come with their quirks. 

Here’s a step-by-step guide to effectively train your Welsh Springer Spaniel:

  • Start Early: Dive into basic obedience when the pup’s around eight weeks. The earlier you start, the easier it gets to shape their behaviour.
  • Positive Reinforcement: Stick to positive vibes. Treats, praise & a bit of play when they behave well. They really do soak up encouragement & aren’t too fond of the tough love approach.
  • Consistency is Key: Be on point with your commands & rewards. Let’s say if “sit” is your command, don’t start mixing it with “sit down”. Your dog can get confused.
  • Socialisation: Expose your Welsh Springer Spaniel to various environments, people, and other animals from a young age. Helps shake off any shy behaviour around strangers they ain’t familiar with.
  • Address Barking: This breed is known for alert barking. Keep commands simple ‘quiet’ and reward them for quieting down and redirecting their attention from the source of their barking. Over time, they’ll learn that silence earns them treats and praise. Regular exercise also helps here.
  • Recall Training: Their hunting vibes can sometimes distract them. Work on their recall. Begin in your garden or someplace quiet and then introduce more distractions as you see them improving.
  • Avoid Separation Anxiety: Welsh Springer Spaniels can develop separation anxiety if left alone for extended periods. Start with short durations, then gradually increase the time you’re away and provide them with toys to keep them occupied.
  • Jumping Up: These dogs can get over excited and jump on people. Train them to greet without jumping by rewarding them – when all four paws are on the ground.
  • Enrol in a Puppy Class: This can be beneficial for both socialisation and basic obedience. Plus, it’s a great way for you to learn training techniques and bond with your pup.

Remember, every dog is unique. What works for one might not work for another. It’s essential to be patient and adjust your training techniques to suit your Welsh Springer Spaniel’s individual personality.


When it comes to the Welsh Springer Spaniel, you’re looking at a breed that’s ever on the move & always keen for a good run. Here are some recommended exercises and activities for the breed:

  • Daily Walks: At least two walks a day, each lasting around 30 minutes to an hour, will help keep your Spaniel physically fit and mentally stimulated. You’ve likely noticed how they eagerly wait by the door, ready to explore the outdoors.
  • Fetch: They absolutely love to play fetch. It not only provides them with physical exercise but also mentally challenges them. If you’ve ever thrown a ball or toy, you’d know that gleam in their eyes.
  • Swimming: With their webbed feet – Spaniels are just natural swimmers. It’s such a great way for them to burn off their energy.
  • Agility Training: Their intelligence and agility make them really good candidates for agility courses. It’s a workout for both the body and mind. If you ever had the chance to watch one navigate a course, you’d be in awe of their skills.
  • Hiking: Ever taken a nature trail and felt like you needed a companion by your side? Your Spaniel is always up for that challenge. Though, always watch out for those pesky ticks and other bugs while you’re at it.

Ideal Home & Owner:

You know, when thinking about the Welsh Springer Spaniel – with its endless energy and playful spirit, it’s best placed in a home where there’s plenty of room to roam, have fun, and discover. Let’s dive into the perfect setting and owner characteristics for this breed:

Ideal Environment:

  • Space: Imagine having a home with a spacious garden – that’s what the Welsh Springer Spaniel dreams of. It lets them dash and frolic till they’re out of breath, making sure they get the physical activity they crave.
  • Mental Stimulation: With their sharp brains and sometimes lively tendencies, they need a good amount of brain games. If you ever bought toys, puzzle feeders, or engaging games, you’d know how these can keep them busy and fend off dull moments.
  • Family Setting: You’ve probably seen them around – they fit so seamlessly in families, be it with sprightly kids or the elderly. Their warm nature makes them the kind of pet that’s cherished by folks of every age.

Pros and Cons of Different Living Environments:

Living EnvironmentProsCons
House with GardenAmple space for play and exerciseRequires regular garden maintenance
ApartmentClose-knit environment for bondingLimited space; needs more outdoor time
CountrysideNatural environment for explorationMight encounter wildlife; needs tick protection
CityMore socialisation opportunities with people.Noise and traffic can be stressful

Other Animals:

The Welsh Springer Spaniel, with its striking features and cheerful demeanour, certainly grabs attention wherever it goes. Having roots in Britain, this medium-sized bird dog holds a title as one of the nation’s most ancient sporting breeds. But, you might wonder, how does such an old breed mingle with other animals?

Generally, these Spaniels are social creatures, fitting in pretty well with other pets. However, like with most breeds – interactions with other animals can be a mixed bag, influenced heavily by their own temperament and past experiences. So, if you’re introducing your Welsh Springer Spaniel to a new pet, just keep an eye out and ensure both animals are comfortable with each other. It’s all about giving them the time and patience they deserve. As with other spaniels, be mindful around small pets (animals and birds).

Size & Weight:

The Welsh Springer Spaniel, that medium-sized breed with an eye-catching red and white coat. Their size and weight, like with many breeds, show a bit of variation, especially when comparing the males and females. Let’s break this down for you:

GenderAverage Weight (kg/pounds)Average Height (cm/inches)
Male18-25 kg (approx. 40-55 pounds)46-48 cm (approx. 18-19 inches)
Female16-23 kg (approx. 35-50 pounds).43-46 cm (approx. 17-18 inches).

Remember, these are just average figures – sometimes a dog might be a tad bigger or smaller. It’s always a good idea to chat with your vet to make sure your Welsh Springer Spaniel is healthy and falls within or near these ranges. Just a bit of due diligence to ensure the furry buddy’s well-being!

Grooming & Care:

That Welsh Springer Spaniel – with its flowing dark red and white coat, is a sight for sore eyes. But like many eye-catching things, they need a touch of pampering to keep up their good looks. If you’re a pet owner, you’d know that grooming doesn’t only enhance their appearance, it’s about their well-being too.

Let’s delve into a basic grooming routine that’ll have your Welsh Springer Spaniel turning heads:

  • Brushing: Maybe you’ve felt that silky coat at a park or a friend’s house? To keep it that way, brush your Welshie at least twice a week. It helps get rid of those pesky tangles and ensures the coat stays shiny, thanks to the spread of natural oils.
  • Bathing: Depending on how adventurous they are, a bath once a month should be done. Remember, always go for a dog-specific shampoo – you don’t want their skin getting all irritated.
  • Ear Care: Those floppy ears? They’re charming, but also a magnet for potential infections. Make it a habit to inspect and clean them regularly. You never know what they might pick up during their escapades.
  • Nail Trimming: Hearing those nails click-clack on the floor can be a giveaway. Ensure their nails are trimmed, keeping them comfy and preventing any accidental scratches.
  • Dental Care: Just like us, their pearly whites need care. Brushing their teeth several times in a week helps keep the vet away, especially from dental issues.

Nutrition & Food:

Feeding that Welsh Springer Spaniel of yours the perfect meal? It’s not just about filling their tummy, it’s about ensuring they get the right nutrition for all those tail-wagging adventures. For such an energetic buddy, a balanced diet is a ticket to good health. 

Now, if you’ve ever been down the pet food aisle, or maybe chatted with other dog owners during walks, you’d have gotten a whirlwind of information. Here’s a quick breakdown to simplify things a bit:

Dog Food TypeProteinFatsCarbohydratesBest For
Commercial Dry FoodHighModerateLowActive Welshies
Wet FoodModerateLowHighOlder dogs or those with dental issues
Raw DietVery HighHighVery LowOwners who prefer a natural diet
Home-cooked MealsVariesVariesVariesOwners who like to control ingredients

But remember, before diving into any diet changes, always make a quick call or visit to your vet. They’ll guide you based on your dog’s age, weight, activity antics, and any health nuances. After all, every dog’s a unique muncher in their own right!


Welsh Springer Spaniels, for all their playful charm and boundless energy, are like any other spaniel  breed – they’ve got their set of health quirks. Now, if you’ve been around dog parks, you’d probably have heard stories about some breeds and their health issues, some real and some… well, maybe a little exaggerated. But it’s good for you to be informed, especially if you’re planning on making a Welshie your jogging partner or sofa buddy.

  • Hip Dysplasia: A little too common in the canine world. It’s where the hip joint acts up, not fitting snugly into the hip socket.
  • Eye Conditions: Ever seen a dog squinting? They can face issues like entropion, with the eyelids rolling inward – quite the discomfort.
  • Ear Infections: Those adorable floppy ears? Well, they make them more prone to infections – much like that pup you might have seen shaking its head a bit too often at the beach.
  • Epilepsy: Not exclusive to humans, some Welshies might experience epilepsy, but with a little care and medication, they bounce right back.
Health IssuePreventative Measure
Hip DysplasiaRegular vet check-ups, maintaining a healthy weight
Eye ConditionsRegular eye check-ups, keeping the eyes clean
Ear InfectionsRegular ear cleaning, keeping ears dry
EpilepsyRegular vet visits, medication as prescribed

So, while these health issues sound daunting, with a bit of care and attention, your Welshie will be up and about, ready for whatever adventure you have planned next.


Ever been in a situation where you’re handed the vet invoice, and your eyes pop a bit? Well, for those moments – insurance for the Welsh Springer Spaniel is a saviour. It’s not just about saving money; it’s about ensuring that your four-legged buddy gets the care when it’s most crucial. Now, navigating through insurance plans can be like finding that one toy your dog loves in a room full of toys. Factors to sift through? Coverage options, those sneaky deductibles, and, yes, monthly premiums. “PetProtect UK” or “Agriapet” could be a good start for you – especially if you’re based in the UK.

Buying & Breeders:

Choosing to bring a Welsh Springer Spaniel into your life? An excellent decision, if you ask anyone who’s ever had one. But, much like when you’re picking out that perfect pair of shoes or that laptop – it’s the inside that counts. This especially rings true when you’re looking for a reputable breeder. A top-notch breeder isn’t just about the sale, they’re in it for the puppy’s health and temperament.

Armed with some questions will get you far. Here are a few to get you started:

  • How long have you been at this – breeding Welsh Springer Spaniels?
  • Would I be able to meet the puppies mum and dad?
  • Tell me about the health checks for the parents?
  • How’s your approach when it comes to socialising the puppies?
  • And your experience with the breed?

Now, pedigree can be a bit of a buzzword when considering puppies, but here’s the lowdown:

AspectPedigree PuppiesNon-Pedigree Puppies
PriceGenerally higherMore affordable
Health TestingOften come with health guaranteesMight lack comprehensive health testing
DocumentationCome with papers proving lineageMight not have any documentation
TemperamentPredictable, based on lineageCan vary, less predictable

Remember, pedigree or not, every Welsh Springer Spaniel deserves a loving home. And if you’re in the UK, checking out the Welsh Springer Spaniel Club can be a great starting point.

Rescue & Re-homing:

Adoption – it’s one of those decisions you look back on and think, “Best choice ever!” Many Welsh Springer Spaniels out there are eagerly waiting to wag their tail in their forever home. Imagine this: rescuing a dog and every time you look into their eyes, you know you gave them that second shot at happiness. But as you embark on this journey, remember:

  • Let them take their sweet time to settle in; new digs can be overwhelming.
  • That first intro with other pets and folks? Make it slow and steady.
  • Consistency is key – same feeding times, same walkies route. It reassures them.
  • If they act out, just remember, sometimes the past has a way of catching up. Patience works wonders.

Mixed Breeds:

So, you’ve heard of the Welsh Springer Spaniel. Adorable, right? But when you mix it up with other breeds, it’s like getting the best of both worlds. Here’s what you’re in for with some popular mixes:

Mixed BreedProsCons
Welsh Springer Spaniel x LabradorHighly trainable, friendlyMight need more exercise
Welsh Springer Spaniel x Golden RetrieverGentle, great with kidsRegular grooming required
Welsh Springer Spaniel x PoodleHypoallergenic, intelligentCan be stubborn at times


Getting to know the Welsh Springer Spaniel – from those historical tidbits to how often you need to groom them – well, it’s a journey. These dogs, packed with zest and affection, can turn a house into a home. Think back to when you watched a Welshie play in the park; their energy was infectious and their antics downright heartwarming. Now, whether you’re leaning towards buying or adopting, always make sure they land in an environment filled with cuddles and care. Loads of Welshies out there are waiting for their forever home. Your ideal furry friend might just be one of them, wagging their tail, ready to fill your life with memories.



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